In ancient Egypt, scribes were the select people who learned to read and write. Since not everyone could read and write, the scribes had to go to a special school where they learned the hieroglyphic and hieratic scripts. The scripts were challenging and they spent many years in this process. Scribes generally wrote on papyrus with reed brushes dipped in ink.
One of the most famous scribes was called Imhotep. Imhotep was the architect of the Egyptian Pharaoh Djoser and was said to be responsible for the Step Pyramid at Saqqara. Our statue was made to honor the scribes in ancient Egyptian history.
The hieroglyphic writing on the front is similar to the text that would have been written by these academics. Working as a scribe was a noble job. It is said that recording history made scribes part of the eternal afterlife.