The temple served as a center for the worship of Hathor and was also dedicated to her son, Ihy, and her husband, Horus. The temple complex features a birth house with reliefs on the exterior walls that portray the birth and childhood of the infant Horus.
The temple has a large hypostyle hall with 18 Hathor-headed columns. The columns are intricately carved with scenes depicting various rituals, deities, and offerings. The Dendera Temple of Hathor is renowned for its beautifully decorated ceilings, featuring intricate reliefs and astronomical depictions.
One of the most famous parts of the temple's ceiling is the Dendera Zodiac, which is a stunning bas-relief carving representing the night sky, constellations, and celestial figures. The original colors of the ceiling panels have faded over time, but traces of the vibrant colors used in ancient Egyptian art can still be seen. The scenes feature many Egyptian deities including the Goddess Nut which arches over paintings in the hypostyle hall and in the room with the Zodiac.