The Pyramids of Giza, located on the Giza Plateau just outside Cairo, Egypt, are among the most iconic and well-known ancient structures in the world. These pyramids are a testament to the incredible engineering and architectural achievements of ancient Egypt. Driving to the pyramids from Cairo is extraordinary because you go down a busy street and suddenly the pyramids appear beside the roadway.
The Giza complex includes three main pyramids: the Great Pyramid of Giza (Pyramid of Khufu or Pyramid of Cheops), the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built for Pharaoh Khufu during the 26th century BCE. The internal structure consists of chambers, corridors, and passages, including the King's Chamber and the Queen's Chamber. The purpose of the pyramid was to serve as Khufu's tomb and facilitate his journey to the afterlife. When you visit the pyramid complex, you can climb the side of this pyramid and go deep inside to one of the pyramid's chambers.
Originally around 146.6 meters (481 feet) tall and composed of an estimated 2.3 million limestone blocks, some weighing several tons.
The pyramid of Khafre was constructed for Pharaoh Khafre, who was Khufu's son, during the 26th century BCE. It appears taller when viewed from a distance due to its higher location on bedrock and the remaining casing stones at its peak.
The pyramid of Menkaure was built for Pharaoh Menkaure, believed to be Khafre's successor, during the 26th century BCE. This pyramid is the smallest of the three main pyramids at Giza and has a distinctive stepped appearance due to the casing stones that remain at the base.
Additionally, the Giza Plateau features several other structures and monuments, such as the Great Sphinx, which is a massive statue with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, believed to represent Khafre.
The enduring presence of the pyramids stands as a testament to the ingenuity and skill of the ancient Egyptians and their dedication to honoring their rulers in the afterlife.
Some members of our team have visited the Pyramids of Giza! When you visit, you can walk to each of the pyramids, take a horse carriage or ride on a camel.